Touch your baby’s forehead. If you think he feels hotter than normal, you’re probably right. A higher-than-normal body temperature is called a fever.
A fever is usually a sign that the body is waging a war against infection. Taking your baby’s temperature can confirm your suspicions and help you and your child’s doctor to figure out the best way to get your baby back on the road to health.
What Are the Signs?
One common sign of fever in babies is a warm forehead, although not having a warm forehead does not mean that your baby doesn’t have a fever.
Other symptoms associated with fever in babies include:
- Poor sleeping
- Poor eating
- Lack of interest in play
- Less active or even lethargic
- Convulsions or seizures
What Should I Do If My Baby Has a Fever?
For the first year, give baths no more than two or three times a week to avoid drying out the baby’s skin. Apply moisturizer liberally immediately after bath. Putting it on when the skin is still moist will seal in water. Use mild, non-soap cleansers designed for baby’s skin.
The temperature of the bath water should be just above 100 F to prevent chilling or burning the baby. If you do not have a bath thermometer, test the water with your elbow. When you put your elbow in the water, it should feel warm, not hot.
Never, ever leave your baby unsupervised, even for a minute.
Don’t use bubble baths.
Teething begins at different times for different babies, although most have already started by six months of age. The first tooth usually appears in the middle of the lower jaw, known as the bottom front teeth. By three years of age it is common for your little one to have a full 20 baby teeth.
This set will usually begin to fall out around age six, when your child’s permanent teeth begin to come in.
signs of teething
- Ear pulling
- Coughing due to excessive saliva
- Chin or facial rashes or redness
- Redness in gums
- Difficulty sleeping
- Cheek rubbing
- Low-grade fever
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty breastfeeding
7 reasons babies cry and how to soothe them
This is probably the first thing you think of when your baby cries. Learning to recognize the signs of hunger will help you start feeding your baby before the crying stage.
· Stomach problems from colic and gas
If your baby often fusses and cries right after being fed, she may have some sort of tummy pain. Many parents swear by over-the-counter anti-gas drops for babies or gripe water, we suggest you Advent Colic drop of Phoenix pharma.
· Needs to burp
Burping isn’t mandatory. But if your baby cries after a feeding, a good burp may be all he needs. Babies swallow air when they breastfeed or suck from a bottle, and this may cause discomfort if the air that is not released.
· A dirty diaper
Some babies let you know right away when they need to be changed. Others can tolerate a dirty diaper for quite a while. Either way, this one is easy to check and simple to remedy.
· Needs sleep
It seems like tired babies should simply be able to go to sleep, anytime, anywhere.
· Too cold or too hot
If your baby feels chilly, like when you remove her clothes to change a diaper or clean her bottom with a cold wipe, she may protest by crying.
· Teething pain
Teething can be painful as each new tooth pushes through tender young gums. Some babies suffer more than others, but all are likely to be fussy and tearful from teething at some point.
Newborns don’t yet have a sense of day and night. They sleep around the clock, and because their tiny stomachs don’t hold enough breast milk or formula to keep them satisfied for long, they wake often to eat — no matter what time of day or night it is.
How Long Will My Newborn Sleep?
A newborn may sleep up to 18 hours a day, waking every couple of hours to feed. Breastfed babies feed often, about 8 to 12 times a day. Bottle-fed babies tend to feed less often, about every 3 to 4 hours or so.
Because the need for food is stronger than the need for sleep at this age, babies who sleep for longer stretches should be awakened to feed. Wake your baby every 3 to 4 hours to eat until he or she shows good weight gain, which usually happens within the first couple of weeks. After that, it’s OK to let your baby sleep for longer periods of time.
Babies have different phases of sleep, just like everyone else. There’s drowsiness, REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, and very deep sleep.
The first months of a baby’s life can be the hardest for parents, who might get up many times at night to tend to baby. Each baby has a different sleep pattern. Many babies start to sleep “through the night” (for 5-6 hours at a time) by 2 months of age, but not every baby does.
How many hours of sleep does a baby need?
Total Sleep: 16-18 hours.
Nighttime Sleep: 8-9 hours.
Naps: 7-9 hours (3-5 naps)
How a baby should sleep?
Follow these safety precautions with your little one:
- Place your baby on his or her back to sleep, not on the stomach or side.
- Make sure your crib meets current safety standards.
- Do not put anything else in the crib or bassinet.
- Watch out for other hazards.
Breastfeeding is best for your baby, and it’s good for your health, too. But it’s not always easy.
You can Read information about how to start breastfeeding, solve breastfeeding problems,… in Phoenix pharma GmbH website.
Benefits of Breastfeeding:
Experts agree breast milk is best for babies. Not only is it the most nutritionally complete food your newborn will ever have, but it also benefits you and your baby in other ways, some that will last a lifetime. During pregnancy, hormones begin to stimulate the mammary glands in your breasts so they can produce milk, and amazing milk it is. The benefits of breastfeeding listed below are just some of the reasons why infant feeding guidelines recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of your baby’s life, with continued breastfeeding up to two years of age and on, or for as long as you can.
• Breast milk is easy for your baby to digest
• Breast milk contains antibodies that protect your baby
• Breast milk may reduce the risk of allergy
Many moms want or need to pump their breast milk. Find out why you might decide to pump, how to pump and store breast milk, and how to solve common breast pumping problems. Also learn about bottle-feeding your baby, from how to pick nipples and bottles to how to prepare bottles for a feeding and introduce your breastfed baby to the bottle.
There’s a lot to learn about the basics of breastfeeding. Check out our step-by-step guide to breastfeeding your baby, learn the best breastfeeding positions, and make your own nursing sanctuary at home. Plus, get tips from breastfeeding veterans.
Breastfeeding tips & basics: A step by step guide
Establish a routine
Breastfeeding gives you and your baby a special time to relax together. Most moms find it helpful to breastfeed their babies in a calm environment. Establish a routine that’s comfortable for you. Use a favorite armchair or rocking chair and have a few supplies on hand:
• A nursing pillow to support your baby in your lap
• A nursing stool to elevate your feet and ease the strain on your back
• A large glass of water and perhaps a healthy snack
Don’t feel rushed
Remove distractions. This is you and baby time. You should take your first breastfeeding attempts slowly and calmly. Don’t expect too much of yourself or your baby right away, and don’t hesitate to ask your doctor, lactation consultant, hospital or public health nurse or a close family member for guidance and breastfeeding advice.
1. Bring baby to your breast, rather than your breast to baby. Hold baby close to your body, skin to skin, tummy to tummy, face to breast, and mouth to nipple. Support your baby’s neck and shoulders but watch that you don’t push on the back of baby’s head as this may cause the baby to push back from breast.
Swallowing becomes difficult if baby’s neck is twisted. So check to see that baby’s body is straight with ear, shoulder and hip aligned. Support your breast by holding fingers underneath, away from the areola (dark area), with your thumb on top.
2. Stimulate baby’s lips gently with your nipple until her mouth opens as big as a yawn. When baby’s mouth is opened wide, quickly push your infant across the shoulders so the chin and lower jaw make first contact with the breast while baby’s mouth is still wide open.
When baby feels your nipple with her tongue, the upper lips will close over, covering the nipple and as much of the areola as possible, and seal it. Both lips should be rolled outwards. You should see sucking motions along the jawline.
3. Your nipple should be as far back in baby’s mouth as possible. If breastfeeding is painful, the latch may be on your nipple instead of your breast.
Release baby’s suction gently by placing a finger in the corner of her mouth until you break the suction. Re-position and re-latch the baby to your breast.
4. Once baby has latched and the milk comes down, you’ll notice pronounced jaw movements and hear small swallowing noises from your baby.
After enough milk has transferred to baby, your breasts will feel softer and less full before feeding.
Good position is the key to effective breastfeeding and helps preventing potential problems like sore or cracked nipples. Try variety of positions, and choose one that is comfortable for both you and your baby. Experiment with each of the following breastfeeding positions until you discover what’s most comfortable for both of you.
Sitting upright, place baby’s body on his side across your lap, facing you. Support his head in the crook of your elbow and his back and bottom with your forearm. Move his face in front of your breast, holding your breast with thumb on top and fingers below. Brush your baby’s mouth or cheek with your nipple and he may instinctively seek the nipple and begin to suck.
Baby’s position is similar to the cradle hold. Using your opposite arm to hold her, support baby’s head with your open hand. This makes it easy for you to move baby to your breast and into a comfortable position as she latches on to suck.
This is called a “snack-and-snooze” position. It helps getting your baby correctly latched onto your breast in your early days of breastfeeding, and is another option if you’re recovering from a caesarean delivery. Lie on your side with your baby on its side, facing you. Use the hand underneath you to help position your baby’s head at your lower breast as you pull her closer to you with the other hand. When baby is attached to your breast, use your lower hand to support her head.
If you are experiencing nipple soreness or small, hard lumps in your breast caused by the ducts being plugged with breast milk, try different positions when breastfeeding your baby. Changing positions helps the milk ducts to drain and prevents your baby from sucking on the same sore area of your nipple.
The Latch and Release
A good latch, also known as “latching on”, will keep both you and your baby happy; she’ll get plenty of milk, you’ll be comfortable and relaxed, and breastfeeding will be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for both of you.
Positioning your baby in the right way will help to ensure a deep latch with your nipple to back of your baby’s mouth rather than letting it rest on her gum line, which causes nipple soreness. Your baby is probably in a good position if:
• She doesn’t have to turn her head sideways to reach your breast, her tummy should be against your tummy
• Let your baby open her mouth wide to latch onto your breast, then with your arm or hand behind her shoulders, bring her in closer to your body
• Your baby should take most of the areola (the brown skin around the nipple) into her mouth and her bottom lip will be covering more of your areola than the top lip. Her chin should be pressed against your breast
• Make sure she can easily breathe through her nose. If she can’t, use your finger to press down lightly on your breast to create an air pocket
• When her mouth is wide you’ll hear pauses when she sucks; she may start with quick sucks and as you continue to breastfeed these will turn into slower, deeper sucks
The upper lip touch
This may be enough to stimulate her rooting reflex, and she’ll turn her head to your nipple, mouth wide open. The rooting reflex is baby’s natural instinct to turn her head toward something that touches her cheek or face and will help her find your breast.
Learn how to release
To break the suction and move your baby to the other breast, gently place a finger between her lower and upper gums to open her mouth. Make sure to keep your fingernails trimmed to be as gentle as possible with your baby.
• If you feel your baby has latched incorrectly, break the latch as described above and re-adjust your position.
• Your baby will slow down as she begins to feel full. This is a good time to take your baby off of your first breast, offer a burp, and move your baby to your second breast.
Breastfeeding is the ideal choice for baby. If you need or choose to formula feed, choose an iron-fortified infant formula that will provide the nourishment your baby needs. Learn about infant formula nutrition, preparation, storage and more with these resources.
Feeding problems may happen when you start your baby on solid food. As novice eaters get the hang of dealing with solids, pushing food out of their mouth with their tongue and even gagging are normal. Whenever you introduce a new food, watch for signs of food allergies, which can happen immediately or even hours later. Anemia is another potential problem, usually caused by lack of iron in diet. It can develop at around 6 months, when babies start solids and drink less formula or breast milk.
You can make your homemade food for your lovely Baby,
When can babies drink water?
In general, your baby shouldn’t drink water until she/he is about 6 months old. Until then, he/she gets all the hydration he/she needs from breast milk or formula, even in hot weather.
Once your baby is 6 months old, it’s okay to give him/her a little water when he/she is thirsty. Don’t overdo it,
After he/she is 1 year old, when your baby’s eating solids and drinking whole milk, you can let him/her drink as much water as he/she likes.
Your Baby is growing fast!
Your baby is growing, learning and changing in exciting new ways every day. Use our month-by-month resources to track and follow baby’s development.
We can help you understanding and learning about your Baby development month to month,
First month: sense
During baby’s first month, your newborn baby will focus on learning how to make sense of a new environment using her eyes, ears, sense of smell and touch.
Your baby’s movements are generally uncontrolled and not deliberate.
It will take time for her to learn how to control her movements. For the first 1-2 weeks’ baby will sleep, a lot. At around two weeks of age, you may notice less sleeping and more crying, but be reassured that it’s an integral part of the way your baby communicates with you. After all, she sees that you respond and attend to her cries with an appropriate reaction, be it to change her diaper or feed her. She’s learning to communicate and to tell you what she needs! With your help, your baby will keep learning new things and growing every day. At each checkup, your doctor will measure her height, weight and head circumference, then plot the development in percentile on a growth chart that has been developed by healthcare professionals.
During baby’s first month, you can help your baby to develop awareness of the surrounding environment by stimulating her senses.
To stimulate hearing:
- play soothing music
- provide soft toys that make interesting sounds.
- When you speak to your baby, use a lifting voice,
To Stimulate visual
- provide soft toys and blankets for your baby to caress.
Weight and length issue:
If you’re breastfeeding, you may be wondering whether your baby’s getting enough to eat because she may seem to be hungry all the time. She probably is, since she’s digesting breast milk within a couple of hours of consuming it.
How can I tell whether my baby’s getting enough breast milk?
- Your breasts are being emptied and feel softer after nursing,
- your baby has good color and firm skin that bounces right back if pinched (if you pinch a dehydrated baby, the skin will stay puckered briefly),
- your baby is growing in both length and weight,
Whether you’re nursing or formula-feeding your newborn, keep in mind that all babies grow at different rates and that their rate of growth tends to slow down at certain times. In addition, if your baby was big at birth, she won’t grow as quickly to move closer to her predestined size.
She may breastfeed eight or nine times a day in the second month, seven or eight times a day in the third month, and then start nursing more often in the fourth month — but for shorter periods of time as she becomes more engaged and distractible.
After 4 months, she’ll start dropping in frequency again. By 6 months, she’ll most likely be down to around five or six feedings every 24 hours. And there she may stay for as long as you continue to nurse her.
How often will my baby nurse?
For the first month, your baby may want to nurse every two to three hours, or eight to 12 times every 24-hour period.
Your baby is even more alert now, and really taking everything in around him. Your baby can differentiate familiar voices from other sounds and is becoming a better listener.
In typical 2-month old development, some babies may begin to smile as their way to communicate their preferences and emotions or to respond to familiar voices and sounds (like mommy’s or daddy’s voice). By now, more than half of all babies can recognize their parents, as shown by the special reaction that moms and dads (versus strangers) receive from their baby.
This third month is a time of incredible growth and psychological development. Three-month old development typically includes some of the following behaviors and markers.
Some babies may not be quite as fussy now that they have learned to feel safe in their new environment. By this age babies are learning how to process information.
To encourage your baby’s efforts at communication, you can talk, sing, play music, and read to your baby.
Researchers believe that your baby can now understand all the basic sounds that make up his native language. Between this time and 6 months of age, your baby will develop the ability to make some vocal sounds, you should also see your baby begin to understand the ability to communicate with you, an exciting time in 4-month old baby development.
To help further develop babies’ language skills, spend some time each day repeating words.
By now, your baby’s physical developments are coming fast and furious. When lying on her back, she’ll lift her head and shoulders as you reach to pull her up. If you place her on her stomach, she’ll extend her arms and legs and arch her back. This is good exercise for strengthening her neck muscles, and it will help her to develop the head control necessary for sitting up.
Your baby may be able to hold her own bottle now and it’s fine to let her, but never prop the bottle for her and walk away. With 5-month old development, you’ll see your baby explore each toy by twisting, shaking, sucking, and banging it. Most babies will love a roly-poly toy that comes back up when it’s knocked over, or anything that can be pushed with their feet. Big cushions to crawl over or sit up against with support, soft balls to toss and squeeze and squeak toys are all big favorites this month.
Six months is the age of activity, a time when your baby is building muscles and squirming with energy. Six-month old baby development shows exciting changes.
Since movement is so popular with babies in this age group, now’s a good time to introduce musical pull toys or an “activity board” toy filled with baby safe knobs and gadgets that twist, turn, and make noise. These can usually be attached to a playpen or even a stroller and provide hours of fun and learning for your baby.
This month marks a very busy, active stage in your baby’s life. He wants to be everywhere, see everything, and get there all on his own.
By now your baby may be able to sit without help, at least for a short while. This will soon be followed by rolling and rocking motions as your baby begins to crawl. You may notice your baby trying to stand from a seated position.
This is another big month for locomotion, as your baby starts to really move around on his own, with a baby-certified “scoot” or a more traditional crawl. Although most babies naturally go through this scooting-around phase, some babies will only crawl briefly before learning how to walk.
In a matter of weeks, your baby may also begin trying to pull himself up and stand alone, or move into a sitting position from lying belly-down.
This month is an important time for both social and language development. Here are some signs of 9-month old baby development.
Word and rhyming games are some of their very big favorites with babies this month. By this age, babies know their name and what lots of words mean. Your baby is also learning that by communicating they can get what they want such as food and toys.
This month your baby will show a desire to please you as he becomes even more attached to you. The trust, love and connection between your baby and you are continuing to grow.
There may be a resurgence of baby separation anxiety felt by your little one at this time, as your love and trust for each other grows. You may notice this especially at night time. Remember to continue to have a wide circle of family and friends around to hold, talk and interact with baby, which continues to help baby to adjust when you’re away. For more information about baby separation anxiety please visit the Canadian Pediatric Society.
Your baby is becoming more mobile and can move like a real pro. Baby is also comfortable handling objects and at repeating simple sequences of actions such as picking up blocks and depositing them in a bucket. Have fun encouraging 10 month old activities like these.
During baby’s first month, your newborn baby will focus on learning how to make sense of a new environment using her eyes, ears, sense of smell and touch. Through the love, comfort and attention that you’ll provide, your baby will bond even more closely with you.
Your baby’s movements are generally uncontrolled and not deliberate; you will likely notice the Moro reflex (startle reflex) often. It will take time for her to learn how to control her movements. For the first 1-2 weeks’ baby will sleep, a lot. At around two weeks of age, you may notice less sleeping and more crying, but be reassured that it’s an integral part of the way your baby communicates with you. After all, she sees that you respond and attend to her cries with an appropriate reaction, be it to change her diaper or feed her. She’s learning to communicate and to tell you what she needs! With your help, your baby will keep learning new things and growing every day. At each checkup, your doctor will measure her height, weight and head circumference, then plot the development in percentile on a growth chart that has been developed by healthcare professionals
This month is a good time to reflect on how far your baby and you have come since his amazing birth 12 months ago.
Look at everything your baby has accomplished, and how much you’ve learned about being a wonderful parent. Soon your baby will be a toddler! Twelve-month old development can vary widely, but most babies this age love to express affection,
New life with Baby/life as a new parent
Congratulations on your new role and welcome to motherhood or fatherhood It comes naturally for some, more slowly for others.
A new baby changes everything
You and baby are experiencing many new firsts together, like your baby’s first laugh, first sneeze, and all the very special first-times in between. We’ve got helpful resources to help you feel confident so you and your baby can enjoy these firsts together.
Here you’ll get answers to all those new parent questions on life after baby including how to cope with sleep deprivation, how to handle the baby’s weight, how to deal with new parent emotions, and more.